(a) little har doim sanalmaydigan otlar oldidan ishlatiladi, ma’nosi biroz.
(a) few har doim sanalmaydigan otlar oldidan ishlatiladi, ma’nosi bir nechta.
- a little = biroz ammo ko’p emas
She didn’t eat anything, but she drank a little water.
U hech narsa yemadi, ammo biroz suv ichdi.
I speak a little Spanish. (= some Spanish but not much)
Men biroz Ispanchada gapiraman. (= biroz Ispancha ammo ko’p emas)
A: Can you speak Spanish? B: A little.
A: Ispan tilida gapira olasanmi? B: Biroz.
- a few = bir nechta ammo ko’p emas
Excuse me, I have to make a few phone calls.
Kechirasiz, men bir nechta telefon qo’ng’iroqlari qilishim kerak.
I speak a few words of Spanish.
Men bir nechta Ispancha so’zlarda gapiraman.
A: Are there any shops near here? B: Yes, a few.
A: Bu yerga yaqinroqda birorta do’kon bormi? B: Ha, bir nechta.
- little (a artiklisiz) = deyarli yo’q yoki deyarli hech narsa
There was little food in the fridge. It was nearly empty.
Muzlatgichda ozgina ovqat bor edi. U deyarli bo’sh.
- Very little (juda kam) deyishingiz ham mumkin:
Dan is very thin because he eats very little. (= nearly nothing)
Dan juda ozg’in chunki u juda kam yeydi. (= deyarli hech narsa)
- few (a artiklisiz) = deyarli yo’q
There were few people in the theatre. It was nearly empty.
Teatrda ozgina odamlar bor edi. U deyarli bo’sh.
- Very few (juda oz) deyishingiz ham mumkin:
Your English is very good. You make very few mistakes.
Sening ingliz tiling juda yaxshi. Sen juda oz xatolar qilasan.
little (kam) va a little (biroz) ni solishtiring:
They have a little money, so they’re not poor. (= they have some money)
Ularda biroz pul bor, shuning uchun ular kambag’al. (= ularda biroz pul bor)
They have little money. They are very poor. (= nearly no money)
Ularda kam pul bor. Ular juuda kambag’al. (= deyarli pul yo’q_
few (oz) va a few (bir nechta)ni solishtiring:
I have a few friends, so I’m not lonely. (= I have some friends)
Mening bir nechta do’stlarim bor, shuning uchun men yolg’izmasman. (= Mening bir qancha do’stlarim bor)
I’m sad and I’m lonely. I have few friends. (= nearly no friends)
Men hafaman va men yolg’izman. Menda kam do’stlar bor. (= deyarli do’stlar yo’q)
Exercise 1. Savollarga a little yoki a few bilan javob bering.
Answers2 a few
3 a little
4 a few
5 a little
6 a few
Exercise 2. Quyidagi so’zlar bilan a little yoki a few ni yozing.
Answers2 a little milk
3 A few days
4 a little Russian
5 a few friends
6 a few times
7 a few chairs
8 a little fresh air
Exercise 3. Gaplarni to’ldiring. Quyidagi so’zlar bilan very little yoki very few dan foydalaning.
Answers2 very little coffee
3 very little rain
4 very few hotels
5 very little time
6 Very few people
7 very little work