Biz much dan so’ng har doim sanalmaydigan otlardan foydalamiz:
Did you buy much food?
Ko’p ovqat olib keldingizmi?
We don’t have much luggage.
Ko’p yukimiz yo’q.
How much money do you want?
Qancha pul hohlaysiz?
A: Do you have any money?
B: I have some, but not much.
A: Pulingiz bormi?
B: Biroz bor, ammo ko’p emas.
Biz many dan so’ng har doim sanaladigan otlardan foydalanamiz:
Did you buy many books?
Ko’p kitoblar sotib oldingizmi?
We don’t know many people.
Biz ko’p odamlarni tanimaymiz.
How many photos did you take?
Nechta rasm oldingiz?
A: Did you take any photos?
B: I took some, but not many.
A: Suratlar oldingizmi?
B: Bir qancha oldim, ammo ko’p emas.
Biz a lot of dan so’ng sanaladigan otni ham, sanalmaydigan otni ham ishlatamiz:
We bought a lot of food.
Biz ko’p ovqat sotib oldik.
Paula doesn’t have a lot of free time.
Paulaning ko’p bo’sh vaqti yo’q.
We bought a lot of books.
Biz ko’pgina kitoblar sotib oldik.
Did they ask a lot of questions?
Ular ko’p savollar so’rashdimi?
- Agar gapda a lot of bilan sanalmaydigan ot kelsa, fe’lning birlik shakli qo’llaniladi:
There is a lot of food/money/water … (singular verb)
Ko’p ovqat/pul/suv … bor (birlik fe’l)
- Agar gapda a lot of bilan sanaladigan ot kelsa, fe’lning ko’plik shakli qo’llaniladi:
There are a lot of trees/shops/people … (plural verb)
Ko’pgina daraxtlar/do’konlar/odamlar … bor (ko’plik fe’l)
A lot of people speak English. (not speaks)
Ko’pgina odamlar Ingliz tilida gaplashadi. (speaks emas)
Biz much ni inkor va so’roq gaplarda ishlatamiz:
Do you drink much coﬀee?
Ko’p qahva ichasanmi?
I don’t drink much coﬀee.
Ko’p qahva ichmayman.
- Ammo, biz ijobiy(darak) gaplarda much dan kamdan-kam foydalanamiz.
I drink a lot of coﬀee. (not I drink much coﬀee)
Men ko’p qahva ichaman. (I drink much coﬀee emas)
‘Do you drink much coﬀee?’ ‘Yes, a lot.’ (not Yes, much)
‘Ko’p qahva ichasanmi?’ ‘Ha, ko’p.’ (Yes, much emas)
Biz many va a lot of dan barcha turdagi gaplarda foydalanamiz (positive/negative/question):
We have many friends / a lot of friends.
Bizda ko’pgina do’stlar bor / ko’pgina do’stlar.
We don’t have many friends / a lot of friends.
Bizda ko’pgina do’stlar yo’q / ko’pgina do’stlar.
Do you have many friends / a lot of friends?
Sizni do’stlaringiz ko’pmi / do’stlaringiz ko’pmi?
- Siz much va a lot of dan otsiz foydalanishingiz mumkin:
Amy spoke to me, but she didn’t say much.
Amy menga gapirdi, ammo u ko’p gapirmadi.
‘Do you watch TV much?’ ‘No, not much.’ (= not often)
‘Siz televizor ko’p ko’rasizmi?’ ‘ Yo’q, ko’p emas.’ (= tez-tez emas)
We like ﬁlms, so we go to the cinema a lot. (not go to the cinema much)
Biz filmlarni yoqtiramiz, shuning uchun ko’p kinoga boramiz. (go to the cinema much emas)
Exercise 1. Much yoki many yozing.
How many yoki How much yozing.
9 How many
10 How much
11 How much
12 How many
Exercise 2. Gaplarni to’ldiring. Quyidagi so’zlar bilan much yoki many dan foydalaning:
Answers2 much time
3 many countries
4 many people
5 much luggage
6 many times
Exercise 3. Quyidagi so’zlar bilan a lot of dan foydalaning:
Answers2 a lot of interesting things
3 a lot of accidents
4 a lot of fun
5 a lot of traffic