Ingliz tilida birlik va ko'plik

73-dars. Singular and Plural nouns

Ingliz tili grammatikasi

So’zlarda ko’plik shaklini yasash. Ko’p holatlarda so’zlarni ko’plik shaklini yasash uchun so’zning ohiriga «s» qo’shimchasini qo’shish orqali yasaymiz. Pastdagi jadvalga qarang:

Agar so’zning ohiri -s / -sh / -ch / -x harflari bilan tugasa ko’plik shaklini yasash uchun → -es qo’shamiz.

Agar so’zimiz -y harfi bilan tugasa, ko’plik shaklini yasash uchun -y tushirib o’rniga → -ies qo’shimchasini qo’shamiz.

Lekin so’zlarda -y harfidan oldin unli harflar kelsa -ay / -ey / -oy ko’plik shaklini yasash uchun faqat -s qo’shimchasini qo’shamiz.

Agar so’zimiz -f / -fe tugasa ko’plik shaklini yasash uchun -f / -fe tushirib o’rniga→ -ves qo’shimchasini qo’shamiz

Bu narsalar ko’plikda ishlatiladi:

scissorsqaychi

glassesko’zoynak

trousersshim

jeansjinsi

shortssho’rtik

tightstor yopishqoq kiyim

pyjamastungu kiyim

Ba’zi so’zlarimizga ko’plik shaklini yasash uchun hech qanday qo’shimcha qo’shilmaydi.

Jadvalda ko’rib turganizdek so’zlarni ko’plik shaklini yasayotganimizda uni shakli o’zgaryapti ya’ni qo’shimcha olayotgani yo’q: man-men, foot-feet, sheep-sheep

Exercises 1. Ko’plik shaklida yozing.

Answers 2 boats 8 sandwiches
3 women 9 families
4 cities 10 feet
5 umbrellas 11 holidays
6 addresses 12 potatoes
7 knives

Exercises 2. Rasmlarga qarang va gaplarni to’ldirng.

Answers 2 teeth 5 fish
3 people 6 leaves
4 children

Exercises 3. Gaplar to’g’rimi? Qayerga zarur bo’lsa so’zlarni almashtiring.

Answers 3 … with a lot of beautiful trees.
4 … with two men.
5 OK
6 … three children.
7 Most of my friends are students.
8 He put on his pyjamas …
9 OK
10 Do you know many people
11 I like your trousers. Where did you get them?
12 … full of tourists.
13 OK
14 These scissors aren’t…
111

73-dars yakuni bo'yicha test.

Savollarni o'qing va to'g'ri javobni belgilang.

1 / 10

Find the singular noun in the sentence.

The boys walked to the park.

2 / 10

Which plural noun is spelled correctly?

3 / 10

The police ____ in the USA.

4 / 10

Can I have ____ please?

5 / 10

Many ____ have enough to eat.

6 / 10

What size are your ____?

7 / 10

She is an extremely kind ____.

8 / 10

A ____ and two ____ were arrested on the day after the explosion.

9 / 10

I have been on my ____ all day and I'm exhausted.

10 / 10

To'g'ri berilgan qatorni toping.

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