108-Dars. before / after / during / while

Ingliz tili grammatikasi

Before (oldin), during (davomida) va after (keyin)ning ot bilan qo’llanishi, ya’ni before/during/after + noun:

Everybody feels nervous before exams.

Hamma imtihonlardan oldin asabiylashadi.

I fell asleep during the film.

Men film davomida uxlab qoldim.

We were tired after our visit to the museum.

Biz muzeyga tashrifimizdan keyin charchadik.

Before (oldin), while (davomida/…da)  va after (keyin)ning fe’l bilan qo’llanishi:

Don’t forget to close the window before you go out.

Tashqariga chiqishingdan oldin derazani yopishni unutma.

I often fall asleep while I’m reading.

Men uxlayotganimda tez-tez uxlab qolaman.

They went home after they did the shopping.

Ular xarid qilganlaridan keyin uyga ketishdi.

  • During (davomida), while (davomida/…da) va for (…dan beri) ning qo’llanishi:

Biz duringdan faqat otlar uchun foydalanamiz (during+noun). Whiledan esa faqat fe’llar uchun foydalanamiz va whiledan so’ng davomli zamon fe’li keladi:

We didn’t speak during the meal.

Biz ovqat vaqtida gaplashmadik.

Ammo,

We didn’t speak while we were eating. (not during we were eating)

Biz ovqatlanayotganimizda gaplashmadik.

  • For (davomida) a nuqtadan b nuqtagacha bo’lgan oraliq vaqtga nisbatan qo’llaniladi:

We played tennis for two hours.   (not during two hours)

Biz ikki soat davomida tennis o’ynadik.

I lived in London for a year.   (not during a year)

Men Londonda bir yil davomida yashadim.

  • Siz before/afterdan keyin -ing dan foydalanishingiz mumkin (before going / after eating etc.):

I always have breakfast before going to work.   (= before I go to work)

Men har doim ishga borishdan oldin nonushta qilaman. (= ishga borishimdan oldin)

After doing the shopping, they went home.   (= after they did)

Xarid qilishdan keyin, ular uyga ketishdi. (= ular qilgandan keyin)

Exercise 1. Gaplarni to’ldiring. To’rtburchak ichidan foydalaning.

Answers 2 after lunch
3 before the end
4 during the course
5 before they went to Australia
6 during the night
7 while you’re waiting
8 after the concert

Exercise 2. during/while/for ni yozing.

Answers 3 while
4 for
5 while
6 during
7 while
8 for
9 during
10 while

Exercise 3. Gaplarni to’ldiring. -ing (doing, having etc.)dan foydalaning.

Answers 2 eating
3 answering
4 having/taking
5 finishing/doing
6 going/travelling
70

108-dars yakuni bo'yicha test.

Savollarni o'qing va to'g'ri javobni belgilang.

1 / 11

I was my hands ____ I go to the restroom.

2 / 11

I'm at work _____the day, so it's better to phone in the evening.

3 / 11

I fell asleep _____ the film.

4 / 11

What number comes before 70?

5 / 11

We cooked dinner ______ you were gone.

6 / 11

How's the weather _____ the summer?

7 / 11

I'm going to stay here ___ you go shopping.

8 / 11

Will you be here sometime ______ the day?

9 / 11

We left before, it _______ to rain.

10 / 11

I went to school ____ I had finished my homework.

11 / 11

Doug exercises every evening _______ he eats dinner.

Your score is

3.9 7 votes
Article Rating
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments