Before (oldin), during (davomida) va after (keyin)ning ot bilan qo’llanishi, ya’ni before/during/after + noun:
Everybody feels nervous before exams.
Hamma imtihonlardan oldin asabiylashadi.
I fell asleep during the ﬁlm.
Men film davomida uxlab qoldim.
We were tired after our visit to the museum.
Biz muzeyga tashrifimizdan keyin charchadik.
Before (oldin), while (davomida/…da) va after (keyin)ning fe’l bilan qo’llanishi:
Don’t forget to close the window before you go out.
Tashqariga chiqishingdan oldin derazani yopishni unutma.
I often fall asleep while I’m reading.
Men uxlayotganimda tez-tez uxlab qolaman.
They went home after they did the shopping.
Ular xarid qilganlaridan keyin uyga ketishdi.
- During (davomida), while (davomida/…da) va for (…dan beri) ning qo’llanishi:
Biz duringdan faqat otlar uchun foydalanamiz (during+noun). Whiledan esa faqat fe’llar uchun foydalanamiz va whiledan so’ng davomli zamon fe’li keladi:
We didn’t speak during the meal.
Biz ovqat vaqtida gaplashmadik.
We didn’t speak while we were eating. (not during we were eating)
Biz ovqatlanayotganimizda gaplashmadik.
- For (davomida) a nuqtadan b nuqtagacha bo’lgan oraliq vaqtga nisbatan qo’llaniladi:
We played tennis for two hours. (not during two hours)
Biz ikki soat davomida tennis o’ynadik.
I lived in London for a year. (not during a year)
Men Londonda bir yil davomida yashadim.
- Siz before/afterdan keyin -ing dan foydalanishingiz mumkin (before going / after eating etc.):
I always have breakfast before going to work. (= before I go to work)
Men har doim ishga borishdan oldin nonushta qilaman. (= ishga borishimdan oldin)
After doing the shopping, they went home. (= after they did)
Xarid qilishdan keyin, ular uyga ketishdi. (= ular qilgandan keyin)
Exercise 1. Gaplarni to’ldiring. To’rtburchak ichidan foydalaning.
Answers2 after lunch
3 before the end
4 during the course
5 before they went to Australia
6 during the night
7 while you’re waiting
8 after the concert
Exercise 2. during/while/for ni yozing.
Exercise 3. Gaplarni to’ldiring. -ing (doing, having etc.)dan foydalaning.