Agar relative clauses(who/which/that…) gapda object bo’lib kelsa, uni yozish shart emas. Ikkala holatda ham to’g’ri bo’ladi. Ma’nosi esa o’zgarmaydi.
Siz aytishingiz mumkin:
The bag that he is carrying … or The bag he is carrying … (with or without that)
U ko’tarib ketayotgan sumka juda og’ir.
Siz aytishingiz mumkin:
… the money that Kate won? or … the money Kate won?
Keyt yutib olgan pul … ?
Siz that/who/which ni ishlatishingiz shartmas, qachonki u aniqlab kelayotgan narsa object (to’ldiruvchi) bo’lganda:
Did you ﬁnd the books you wanted? (or … the books that you wanted?)
Siz hohlagan kitoblarni toppdingizmi?
The people we met were very friendly. (or The people who we met …)
Biz uchrashgan odamlar juda ochiq ko’ngil ekan.
Everything I said was true. (or Everything that I said …)
Men aytgan hamma narsa rost edi.
Ushbu holatda ham ishlatiladi:
The ﬁlm we saw was very good. (not The ﬁlm we saw it was …)
Biz ko’rgan film juda yaxshi edi.
Ba’zan fe’ldan so’ng predloglar (to/in/at etc.) bo’ladi:
… the books I told you about. (not the books I told you about them)
Men senga aytgan kitoblar.
Siz joyga nisbatan wheredan foydalanishingiz mumkin:
The hotel where we stayed was near the station. (= The hotel we stayed at …)
Biz qolgan mehmonxona bekatga yaqin edi.
Siz who/that/which dan foydalanishingiz shart, qachonki gapda ega bo’lib kelganda:
I met a woman who can speak six languages. (who is the subject)
Men 6ta tilde gaplasha oladigan ayolni uchratdim. (who ega)
Jack was wearing a hat that was too big for him. (that is the subject)
Jek u uchun juda katta bo’lgan shlyapani kiyayotgandi. (that ega)
Exercise 1. Ikkita gapni bitta gapga aylantiring.
Answers2 I’ve lost the pen you gave me.
3 I like the jacket Sue is wearing.
4 Where are the flowers I gave you?
5 I didn’t believe the story he told us.
6 How much were the oranges you bought?
Exercise 2. Ikkita gapni bitta gapga aylantiring.
Answers2 The meal you cooked was excellent.
3 The shoes I’m wearing aren’t very comfortable.
4 The people we invited to dinner didn’t come.
Exercise 3. Siz do’stingizddan bir qancha savollarni so’rayapsiz. Gaplarni to’ldiring.
Answers2 Who are the people you were talking to?
3 Did you find the keys you were looking for?
4 Where is the party you’re going to?
5 What’s the name of the film you were talking about?
6 What’s that music you’re listening to?
7 Did you get the job you applied for?