Relative clauses 2 ta gapni bir biriga bog’lashda, ya’ni bitta gap qilishda ishlatiladi. Bunda ma’nosi – qaysiki / -gan bo’ladi. Asosan, kimnidir yoki nimanidir aniqlashtirib berishda ishlatiladi.
- Who insonlarga nisbatan ishlatiladi:
Do you know the woman who works at the cinema?
Kinoteatrda ishlaydigan ayolni taniysizmi?
- That insonlar va narsalar uchun ishlatiladi:
Siz thatni insonlar uchun ishlatishingiz mumkin, ammo who odatiyroq.
- Which faqat hayvonlar yoki narsalar uchun ishlatiladi (insonlar uchun emas):
I’ve bought a new computer which cost $700.
Men yangi kompyuterni sotib oldim, qaysiki 700$ga narxlangan.
Exercise 1. To’rtburchak ichidan tanlang va gaplarni yozing: A … is a person who … . Agar kerak bo’lsa lug’atdan foydalaning.
Answers2 A butcher is a person who sells meat.
3 A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument.
4 A patient is a person who is ill in hospital.
5 A dentist is a person who takes care of your teeth.
6 A fool is a person who does stupid things.
7 A genius is a person who is very intelligent.
8 A liar is a person who doesn’t tell the truth.
Exercise 2. Ikkita gapdan bitta gap yasang.
Answers2 The woman who opened the door was wearing a yellow dress.
3 Most of the students who took the exam passed (it).
4 The policeman who stopped our car wasn’t very friendly.
Exercise 3. Who yoki whichni yozing.
that is also correct in all these sentences.