76-dars. the aniq artikl

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72-darsimizda noaniq artikl to’g’risida chuntirgan edik. Bugun sizlar bilan aniq artikl to’g’risida chuntirib o’taman.

Aniq artikl (The Definite article) – the. The hamma otlar bilan ishlatilishi mumkin. Qaysi narsani yoki shaxsni nazarda tutganimizda aniq bo’lganda biz -the… deymiz. U birlik va ko`plikdagi donalab sanaladigan hamda donalab sanalmaydigan otlar oldidan ishlatiladi. Aniq artikl quyidagi holatlarda ishlatilishi va ishlatilmasligi mumkin:

  • THE unvonlar nomi bilan ishlatilmaydi.

Noto`g`ri:  The President Ruslan has been in the news

  • Geografik nomlar bilan artiklning ishlatilishi ma`lum qoidalarga ega. Masalan: aniq artikl daryolarning nomi bilan ishlatilgan bir paytda ko`llar nomi oldidan qo`yilmaydi. Bitta tog` (yoki bitta orol)ning nomi artiklsiz ishlatilsa, tog`lar tizmasi nomi oldidan, albatta, aniq artikl qo`yilishi shart.
  • Qit`a va geografik joylar oldidan THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI: America, North America, South America, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica; Northern Africa, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Central Europe, Central America, Southern Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia.
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the Western Hemisphere, the Eastern Hemisphere, the Arctic, the Antarctic, the North, the East, the South west, the Far East, the Middle East, the North Pole.
  • Okean, Dengiz, daryo,  kanal,  sharshara THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, the Indian Ocean;the Mediterranean Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea; the Amazon, the Mississippi, the Nile, the Volga, the Amu Darya;       the Panama Canal, the Suez Canal, the English Channel, the Victoria Falls, the Niagara Falls, the American Falls, the Canadian falls
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI: Lake Baikal, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan, Lake Geneve, Crater Lake;
  • Biroq: the great Salt Lake, the Great Lakes.
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the British Isles, the West Indies, the  Kuril Islands, the  Bahama Islands,  the Azores, the  Canary Islands, the  Philippines.
  • Tog`, Vulqon, Tepalik nomlari oldidan THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI: Everest, Fuji, Kilimanjaro, Elbrus, Mount Whitney, Capitol Hill, Telegraph Hill
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the Himalayas, the Rocky Mountains, the Caucasus, the Ural Mountains,  the Paamirs, the Andes, the Alps.the Black Hills, the Berkshire Hills.
  • Cho`l, vodiy nomlari oldidan THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the  Sahara, the Kalahari Desert, the Arabian Desert,  the Kara Kum           the Ruhr Valley, the Nile Valley, the Central Valley, the Valley of the Kings
  • Biroq: Death Valley, Silicon Valley.
  • Yarimorol, burun THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the  Kamchatka Peninsula, the Indochinese Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Biroq: Kamchatka, Indochina.
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI: Cape Horn, North Cape, Cape Canaveral, Cape Chelyuskin.
  • Mamlakat, davlat, shtat nomlari oldidan THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI: England, Great Britain, Ireland, Holland, France, Denmark, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Germany, Poland, Russia, Hungary, Greece, America, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zeland, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Egypt, Morocco, Iran, Turkey, UZBEKISTAN.
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: theUnited States of America, the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation, the Netherlands, the Philippines, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Cuba, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Spain, the State of California.
  • Shaxar nomlari oldidan THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI:Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Cairo, Delhi, Lisbon, London, Los Angeles, Madrid, Moscow, New York, Tennessee, Ohio, Texas, Tashkent, Rome.
  • Biroq: the Hague.
  • THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILADI: the City of Athens, the  City of Moscow, the  City of New York, the  City of Oslo, the  City of Tokyo
  • Ko`cha, prospekt, yo`l nomlari oldidan THE ARTIKLI ISHLATILMAYDI: Main Street, Wall Street, 42nd street, Oak Alley, maple Boulevard, Fifth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, Lexington Road, Highway 66
  • Biroq: the Arbat, the Mall

Exercises 1. a/an yoki the yozing.

Exercises 2. Gaplarni to’ldiring. a yoki the + so’zlardan foydalaning.

Exercises 3. Bu gaplar to’g’ri emas. Qayerga a/an yoki the zarur bo’lsa qo’ying.

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