O’tgan darsimizda fe’lli iboralarni mustaqil ishlatilish holatini o’tgan edik.
Bugungi darsimizda esa to’ldiruvchi bilan ishlatilish holatini o’rganamiz. Misol uchun:
- Put on – kiymoq
Put on your coat or put your coat on. – Ushbu holatda predlogni objectdan oldin yoki keyin ishlatilishi mumkin.
Ammo olmoshlar bilan ishlatilganda predlogdan oldin ishlatiladi:
Put it on (not put on it)
It was cold, so I put on my coat. or … I put my coat on.
Havo sovuq edi, shuning uchun paltoyimni kiydim.
Here’s your coat. Put it on. – Sening paltoying shu yerda. Uni kiy.
- Take off – yechmoq
I’m going to take oﬀ my shoes. or … take my shoes oﬀ.
Men oyoq kiyimimni yechmoqchiman.
Your shoes are dirty. Take them oﬀ. – Sening oyoq kiyiming kir. Ularni yech.
- Turn on (yoqmoq) / turn oﬀ (o’chirmoq) (lights, machines, taps etc.):
It was dark, so I turned on the light. or … I turned the light on.
Qorong’u, shuning uchun men chiroqni yoqdim.
I don’t want to watch this programme. You can turn it oﬀ.
Men bu ko’rsatuvni ko’rishni hohlamayman. Siz uni o’chirishingiz mumkin.
- switch on (yoqmoq) / switch oﬀ (o’chirmoq) (lights, machines etc.):
I switched on the light and switched oﬀ the television.
Men chiroqni yoqdim va televizorni o’chirdim.
- Pick up – (yerdan) olmoq
Those are my keys on the ﬂoor. Can you pick them up for me?
Anavi mening poldagi kalitlarim. Siz ularni men uchun olib bera olasizmi?
- Put down – (yerga) qo’ymoq
I stopped reading and put my book down. or … put down my book.
Men o’qishni to’xtatdim va kitobimni qo’ydim.
- Bring back – qaytarib olib kelmoq
You can take my umbrella, but please bring it back.
Siz mening soyabonimni olishingiz mumkin, ammo iltimos qaytarib olib keling.
- Take back – qaytarib olmoq
I took my new sweater back to the shop. It was too small for me.
Men do’konga yangi sviterimni qaytarib olib bordim. U menga juda kichkina edi.
- Give back – qaytarib bermoq
I’ve got Rachel’s keys. I have to give them back to her.
Menda Reychelning kalitlari bor. Men ularni unga qaytarib berishim kerak.
- Put back – qaytarib joyiga solmoq/qo’ymoq
I read the letter and then put it back in the envelope.
Men xatni o’qidim va so’ng uni konvertga qaytarib solib qo’ydim.
Exercise 1. Rasmlarga qarang. Ushbu odamlar nima qilishdi?
Answers2 She took off her hat. or She took her hat off.
3 He put down his bag. or He put his bag down.
4 She picked up the magazine. or She picked the magazine up.
5 He put on his sunglasses, or He put his sunglasses on.
6 She turned off the tap. or She turned the tap off.
Exercise 2. Ushbu gaplarni 3ta turli usulda yozishingiz mumkin. Jadvalni to’ldiring.
Answers2 He put his jacket on. He put it on.
3 She took off her glasses. She took them off.
4 I picked the phone up. I picked it up.
5 They gave the key back. They gave it back.
6 We turned off the lights. We turned them off.
Exercise 3. Gaplarni to’ldiring. Quyidagi fe’llar uchun it yoki them dan foydalaning.
Answers2 take it back
3 picked them up
4 switched it off
5 bring them back