all/most/some/any/no/none qoidasi

86-Dars. all/most/some/any/no/none

Ingliz tili grammatikasi

Solishtiring:

  • children (bolalar)/money (pul)/books (kitoblar) etc. (umumiy olganda):

Children like playing. (= children in general)

Bolalar o’ynashni yoqtirishadi. (= umumiy olganda barcha bolalar)

Money isn’t everything. (= money in general)

Pul hamma narsa emas. (= umumiy olganda barcha pullar)

I enjoy reading books.

Menga kitoblarni o’qish yoqadi.

Everybody needs friends.

Hammaga do’stlar kerak.

  • the children / the money / these books etc. :

Where are the children? (= our children)

Bolalar qayerda? (=bizning bolalar)

I want to buy a car, but I don’t have the money. (= the money for a car)

Men mashina sotib olishni hohlayman, ammo menda pul yo’q. (= mashina uchun pul)

Have you read these books?

Bu kitoblarni o’qiganmisan?

I often go out with my friends.

Men tez-tez do’stlarim bilan dam olgani chiqaman.

  • most/some va hokazo + noun(ot) qo’llanishi:

Most children like playing. (= children in general)

Ko’p bolalar o’ynashni yoqtirishadi. (= umumiy olganda barcha bolalar)

I don’t want any money.

Men hech qanday pul hohlamayman.

Some books are better than others.

Ba’zi kitoblar boshqalariga qaraganda yaxshiroq.

He has no friends.

Unda do’stlar yo’q.

All cities have the same problems. (= cities in general)

Barcha shaharlarda bir xil muammolar bor. (= umumiy olganda hamma shaharlar)

  • Ushbu gaplarda of dan foydalanilmaydi:

Most people drive too fast. (not Most of people)

Ko’p odamlar juda tez haydashadi. (Most of people emas)

Some birds can’t fly. (not Some of birds)

Ba’zi qushlar ucha olmaydi. (Some of birds emas)

Most of the children at this school are under 11 years old.

Maktabdagi bolalarning ko’pi 1 yoshdan past b’ladi.

I don’t want any of this money.

Men bu pulning hech birini hohlamayman.

Some of these books are very old.

Bu kitoblarning ba’zilari juda eski.

None of my friends live near me.

Do’stlarimning hech biri meni yaqinimda yashamaydi.

  • All the … yoki all of the … (of bilan yoki usiz) aytish mumkin.

All the students in our class passed the exam.   (or All of the students …)

Bizning sinfdagi barcha o’quvchilar imtihondan o’tdi. (yoki o’quvchilarning barchasi …)

Amy has lived in London all her life. (or… all of her life.)

Amy butun hayotini Londonda yashadi. (yoki … hayoting hammasini …)

  • all of it / most of them / none of us va hokazo.

You can have some of this cake, but not all of it.

Sen bu tortning ozginasini olishing mumkin, ammo hammasini emas.

A:  Do you know those people?

B:  Most of them, but not all of them.

A: Anavi odamlarni taniysanmi?

B: Ularning ko’pini, ammo ularning hammasini emas.

Some of us are going out tonight.  Why don’t you come with us?

Bizlarning ba’zilarimiz shu kecha dam olishga chiqamiiz. Nimaga sen biz bilan kelmaysan?

I have a lot of books, but I haven’t read any of them.

Menda ko’pgina kitoblar bor, ammo men ularning hech birini o’qimaganman.

‘How many of these books have you read?’     ‘None of them.’

Bu kitoblardan qanchasini o’qigansan?’  ‘Ularning hech birini.’

Exercise 1. Gaplarni to’ldiring. Qavs ichidagi so’zdan foydalaning (some/most va hokazo). Ba’zida sizga of (some of/most of va hokazo) kerak bo’ladi.

Answers 3 Some
4 Most of
5 Most
6 any of
7 all or all of
8 None of
9 any of
10 Most
11 most of
12 Some
13 All or All of
14 some of
15 most of

Exercise 2. Rasmlarga qarang va savollarga javob bering. Foydalaning:

all/most/some/none + of them/of it

Answers 2 All of them.
3 Some of them.
4 None of them.
5 Most of them.
6 None of it.

Exercise 2. Ushbu gaplar to’g’rimi? Noto’g’ri bo’lgan gaplarni to’g’irlang.

Answers 3 Some people…
4 Some of the questions… or Some questions…
5 OK
6 All insects…
7 OK (o r … all of these books)
8 Most of the students… or Most students…
9 OK
10 … most of the night.
13

86-dars yakuni bo'yicha test.

Savollarni o'qing va to'g'ri javobni belgilang.

1 / 10

________ are animals but not ________ are dogs.

2 / 10

________ in this country have a car.

3 / 10

________ like an ice cream.

4 / 10

She has read ________.

5 / 10

Nich can't stop talking. He talks ______.

6 / 10

- Do you like this music.

- ______. / ______.

7 / 10

_____ can go faster than others.

8 / 10

Do _____ want to go with me to the cinema?

9 / 10

She doesn't go for a walk very often. She is at home _____.

10 / 10

He wasn't well yesterday. He spent _____ in bed.

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