2-dars. A/an artikli

Ingliz tili grammatikasi

Ingliz tilida a/an noaniq artikli otlar oldidan ishlatiladi. A/an ma’nosi bitta, bir degan ma’noda keladi. A book – kitob yoki bitta kitob. A pen – ruchka yoki bitta ruchka. An elephant – fil yoki bitta fil.
A/an artikli faqatgina bitta narsalarga ishlatiladi. Agar biron nimani ko’plikda aytmoqchi bo’lsak, a/an ishlatilmaydi.

Misol: a book – two books  (kitob – 2ta kitoblar)
            An elephant – three elephants (fil-3ta fillar)
            A dog – dogs (it-itlar)

A va an asosiy farqi a artiklini consonants(undosh harflar) oldidan an artiklini esa vowels (unli harflar) oldidan ishlatamiz.

Misol:   a ball (kopto’k), a pen (ruchka), a box (quti)
              an ant (chumoli), an owl (ukki), an ostrich (tuyaqush)

Exercise 1. Rasmga qarang a yoki an qo’yib chiqing.

Answers 2 an 6 a 10 a 14 an 18 a
3 a 7 an 11 a 15 a 19 an
4 an 8 a 12 an 16 a 20 a
5 a 9 an 13 a 17 a

Exercise 2. Mevalarni a yoki an qatorga yozib chiqing.

Answers a lemon
a pineapple
a pear
a melon
a watermelon
a carrot
an onion
an orange

Yodlash uchun so’zlar:

snake-ilon
ant-chumoli
frog-qurbaqa
octopus-sakkizoyoq
cow-sigir
insect-hashorot
bird-qush
lion-sher
alligator-timsoh
donkey-eshak
mouse-sichqon
fish-baliq
horse-ot
bee-asalari
Vazifa: Ushbu yangi so’zlarni a va an bilan yozib chiqing.

185

2-dars yakuni bo'yicha test.

Savollarni o'qing va to'g'ri javobni belgilang.

1 / 10

  1. I have ___ car.

2 / 10

She has ___ two brothers.

3 / 10

To’g’ri tuzilgan gapni toping.

4 / 10

It will take you ___ hour.

5 / 10

He ate ___.

6 / 10

Take __ umbrella.

7 / 10

This is __ school.

8 / 10

He has __ cousin.

9 / 10

There is __ book on the desk.

10 / 10

I have got ___ in London.

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