Ingliz tilida fe’llarning 2 hil nisbati mavjud: passive voice (majhul nisbat) va active voice (aniq nisbat).
Majhul nisbat (passive voice)da tuzilgan gaplarda ish-haraktni bajaruvchi egasi yoki shaxs bo’lmaydi. Bu nisbatda gaplardi to be fe’lini zamondagi shakllari va o’tgan zamon sifatdoshi yordamida yasaymiz. Misol uchun:
Excesises 1. Bu so’zlardan gaplar yozing. Gaplarning ba’zilari savollar.
3. Glass is made from sand.
4. The windows are cleaned every two weeks.
5. This room isn’t used very much.
6. Are we allowed to park here?
7. How is this word pronounced?
9. The house was painted last month.
10. My phone was stolen a few days ago.
11. Three people were injured in the accident.
12. When was this bridge built?
13. I wasn’t woken up by the noise.
14. How were these windows broken?
15. Were you invited to Jon’s party last week?
Excesises 2. Bu hammasi ham to’g’ri emas. Ularni to’g’tirlang.
2. Football is played in most…
3. Why was the letter sent to … ?
4. … where films are made.
5. Where were you born?
6. How many languages are spoken … ?
7. … but nothing was stolen.
8. When was the bicycle invented?
Excesises 3. Gaplarni to’ldiring. Ushbu fe’llarning majhul nisbatda (hozirgi va o’tgan) so’zalaridan foydalaning.
3. is made
4. were damaged
5. was given
6. are shown
7. were invited
8. was made
9. was stolen … was found
New words ( yangi so’zlar)
|4||pronounce||tallafuz qilmoq||12||invent||kashf etmoq|
|5||bridge||ko’prik||13||damage||zarar, zarar yetkazish|